ACWA’s 12 replicate, naturalized research streams are embedded in the natural environment and receive effluent from:
- The ACWA Research Plant, and/or
- The City of Calgary Pine Creek WWTP
The streams allow researchers to quantify the impacts of wastewater effluents on the aquatic ecosystems of the receiving waters. The research streams are designed using hydraulic parameters that mimic natural prairie streams and include complete food webs, from biofilms to benthic invertebrates to fish.