Population Surveys & Methodology

Gambling Module -- Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)

From July 2018 to December 2018 Statistics Canada will administer a 17-question 'Rapid Response' gambling module within their annual Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) to 28,000 Canadians. (This is a revision of the existing CCHS gambling module that will be used going forward for the CCHS ). Response rates to the CCHS of 64%+ are estimated by Statistics Canada, with roughly 35% administered in person via 'computer assisted personal interview' (CAPI) and 65% administered over the phone via 'computer assisted telephone interview'.

Baseline Online Panel Surveys -- LegerWeb

From August 15, 2018 to September 15, 2018 there will be administration of a Baseline Online Panel Survey (Appendix C) to 10,000 online panelists from across Canada who are members of LegerWeb. LegerWeb's online panel, known as LegerWeb, is Canada's largest online panel, with over 400,000 active members. Their panel is structured to be demographically and geographically representative of the Canadian adult population as measured by the latest census.

Christensen, D. R., Nicoll, F., Williams, R. J., Shaw, C. A., el-Guebaly, N., Hodgins, D. C., McGrath, D. C., Smith, G. J., Belanger Y. D., & Stevens, R. M. G. (2021). Responsible gambling in Canada: An analysis of the RG Check patron surveys. Journal of Gambling Studies. Epub ahead of print.

Leonard, C. A., Hodgins, D. C., Williams, R. J., Belanger, Y. D., Christensen, D. R., el-Guebaly, N., McGrath, D. S., Nicoll, F., Smith, G. J., & Stevens, R. M. G. (submitted).  Gambling in Canada during the COVID-19 lockdown: Prospective national survey.

Leonard, C. A., Williams, R. J., & McGrath, D. S. (2021). Gambling fallacies: Predicting problem gambling in a national sample. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. Advance online publication.

Mackey-Simpkin, S., Williams, R. J., Shaw, C .A., & Russell, G. E. (submitted).  Illegal gambling in Canada.

Stevens, R. (2021). $14.5-billion per year and counting: Canadian gambling statistics. Critical Gambling Studies.

Williams, R. J., Belanger, Y. D., Leonard, C. A., Stevens, R. M. G., Christensen, D. C., el-Guebaly, N., Hodgins, D. C., & McGrath, D. S. (2021). Indigenous gambling and problem gambling in Canada. Journal of Gambling Studies.

Williams, R. J., Leonard, C. A., Belanger, Y. D., Christensen, D. C., el-Guebaly, N., Hodgins, D. C., McGrath, D. S., Nicoll, F. & Stevens, R. M. G. (2021). Gambling and problem gambling in Canada in 2018: Prevalence and changes since 2002. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 66(5) 485-494.

Williams, R. J., Leonard, C. A., Belanger, Y. D., Christensen, D. C., el-Guebaly, N., Hodgins, D. C., McGrath, D. S., Nicoll, F., Smith, G. J. & Stevens, R. M. G. (2021). Predictors of gambling and problem gambling in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 112, 521-529.

Williams, J. N., Williams, R .J., Gooding, N., & Mix, J. (submitted). Financial speculation in Canada.

Stevens, R. M. G. (2021, March). Gambling statistics. Gambling and problem gambling in Canada: A National Study.

  • Canadian gambling statistics (1970-present) collected from annual reports produced by provincial and territorial organizations. Includes charts and graphs showing net revenue and net income for ticket lotteries, casinos, video lottery terminals (VLTs), online gambling, etc. Visualizations can be sorted by province or by year. Statistics are downloadable. [YouTube video: How to Find Canadian Gambling Statistics (02:10)].

Stevens, R. M. G. (2021). Gambling background information. Gambling and problem gambling in Canada: A National Study.

Supplementary Research Studies

Survey-related findings will be further bolstered with a more qualitative context for our results and some targeted surveys on groups and topics of particular importance. The following are the four specific investigations that will be undertaken:

Key informant Surveys of Major Provincial Stakeholders

These are the regulators, provincial managers of legal gambling, provincial directors of responsible gambling, casino owners, and problem gambling treatment administrators in each province. These individuals are the key stakeholders for gambling in Canada. Thus, it is essential for a national study of gambling that we solicit and record their opinions on the topic.

Key informant Interviews of Indigenous Leaders

Indigenous people will likely have the highest rates of gambling-related harm and problem gambling in Canada. In some provinces they are also involved in the commercial delivery of gambling. Thus, this segment of the population deserves special attention beyond the quantitative results of the surveys (Note: we should obtain ~250 surveys from indigenous people in the Baseline Online Panel Survey [LegerWeb] and ~1000 in the Statistics Canada Survey [CCHS-2018]).

Problem Gamblers in Treatment Survey

The survey will take no more than 15 minutes and our goal is to collect 500 surveys from across Canada, offering a $50 gift card per problem gambler in compensation.

Casino Patron Surveys

The large majority of harm minimization initiatives and variations in the legal provision of gambling are contained within casinos. Thus, the Casino Patron Surveys of regular casino patrons will enquire about people's awareness, utilization, and experience with all of the main harm minimization initiatives and variants of providing legal gambling in each province (e.g., Gambling Information Centres/terminals, casino self-exclusion, EGM precommitment, house credit, 24 hour casino operations, alcohol not being available on
the casino floor, ATM proximity, gambling advertising, responsible gambling advertising, reward card use, etc.). The plan is to have 250 5-10 minute patron surveys in a major casino in each of BC, AB, SK, ON, QU, NS with $10 per patron compensation (1,500 surveys in total).