Reference Sources

Government Involvement in Gambling

  • Alberta Gaming, Liquor & Cannabis (AGLC)
    Regulator of gaming in the province. The AGLC issues licenses to conduct charitable gaming. It also conducts and manages the province's VLTs. Ticket lotteries are conducted and managed by the Western Canada Lottery Corporation (WCLC). Falls under the purview of the Alberta Solicitor General and Public Security.
  • Horse Racing Alberta (HRA)
    A not-for-profit corporation that manages and regulates the horse racing industry in Alberta under the authority of The Horse Racing Alberta Act.
  • Alberta Health Services
    Agency funded by the Government of Alberta to provide treatment services for addictions (assumes services provided by Alberta Alcohol & Drug Abuse Commission).
  • Liquor, Gaming & Cannabis Authority of Manitoba (LGCA)
    The LGCA is the regulator for liquor, gaming and cannabis in Manitoba. On April 1, 2014, the regulatory services previously provided by the Manitoba Liquor Control Commission and the Manitoba Gaming Control Commission were brought together.
  • Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries
    Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries (originally known as the Manitoba Lotteries Commission when created in 1971) is a Crown corporation of the Province of Manitoba. It conducts and manages gaming in the province (Club Regent and McPhillips Street Station casinos, VLT network,, breakopen tickets, bingo paper, and distribution of lottery tickets for the Western Canada Lottery Corporation (WCLC) and the Interprovincial Lottery Corporation). Agreements also in place with provincial First Nations casinos.
  • Manitoba Gambling Research Program
    The Manitoba Gambling Research Program is a research funding initiative of Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries.  Its aim is to build gambling research capacity and support the development of high quality research that enables evidence-based advancement of responsible gambling programs, and problem gambling prevention and treatment.
  • Loto-Québec
    Loto-Québec was created in 1969. It operates three casinos and provides related restaurant and lodging services. It also administers a video lottery system and network bingo activities.
  • Régie des alcools, des courses et des jeux
    Regulates horse racing, lotteries, video lotteries, and publicity contests in the province.
  • New Brunswick Lotteries and Gaming Corporation (NBLGC)
    A business entity that is responsible for the conduct and management of all provincial gaming. The NBLGC manages the service provider agreement with the casino operator and acts as the New Brunswick shareholder in the ALC. In addition, the NBLGC, in partnership with other stakeholders departments, is responsible for the development and implementation of the province’s responsible gaming initiatives.
  • Gaming, Liquor & Security Licensing - Department of Public Safety
    Responsible for the regulation and control of provincial gaming as well as the regulation, control and licensing of charitable gaming in the province.

Responsible for the conduct and management of the province’s casinos. The Nova Scotia Provincial Lotteries & Casino Corporation does not directly operate lotteries or video lotteries but is a shareholder in the Atlantic Lottery Corporation and in the Interprovincial Lottery Corporation (ILC). The Atlantic Lottery Corporation is a jointly owned corporation of the four Atlantic provinces.

  • Department of Justice and Public Safety
    Responsible for regulating lottery schemes (e.g., bingos, raffles, casino nights, 50/50 draws, etc.) in the province.
  • Prince Edward Island Lotteries Commission
    The Commission does not directly operate lotteries or video lotteries but is a shareholder in the Atlantic Lottery Corporation and in the Interprovincial Lottery Corporation (ILC). The Atlantic Lottery Corporation is a jointly owned corporation of the four Atlantic provinces.

Responsible for regulating lottery schemes (e.g., bingos, breakopen tickets, 50/50 draws, etc.) in the province.

The Province of Newfoundland & Labrador does not directly operate lotteries or video lotteries but is a shareholder in the Atlantic Lottery Corporation and in the Interprovincial Lottery Corporation (ILC). The Atlantic Lottery Corporation is a jointly owned corporation of the four Atlantic provinces.

  • NWT & Nunavut Lotteries
  • Municipal and Community Affairs (MACA) - Licensing
    MACA licenses and regulates charity bingos, Nevada tickets, casinos and raffles under the Lotteries Act, which covers gambling permitted under the Criminal Code of Canada. Lottery licensing authority now rests with 12 NWT communities. Ticket lotteries are conducted and managed by the Western Canada Lottery Corporation (WCLC).
  • Sport North Lottery Authority
    The Lottery Program is responsible for funding Sport North programs and acts as the marketing organization for lottery retailers across the NWT and Nunuvut.
  • Canadian Pari-Mutuel Agency (CPMA) (Division of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
    Regulates and supervises pari-mutuel betting on horse racing at racetracks across Canada. The CPMA is financed through a federal levy of eight tenths of one percent (0.8%) collected from each dollar bet in Canada. This came to $14,478,544.44 in 2003.
  • Interprovincial Lottery Corporation (ILC)
    This organization joins together the five Canadian lottery corporations and operates Lotto 6/49, Super 7 and Special Event (Celebration). It was formed in 1976 by the Ontario Lottery Corporation (OLC) and the Western Canada Lottery Foundation (WCL). Loto-québec joined in 1978 and the Atlantic Lottery Corporation (ALC) in 1979.
    "The ILC makes payments to the Government of Canada as a result of an agreement between the Provincial Governments and the Federal Government on the withdrawal of the Federal Government from the lottery field. The agreement requires the provinces, on a combined basis, to make ongoing payments of $24 million in 1979 dollars annually on an inflation adjusted basis [currently $58.4 million]." - Western Canadian Lottery Corporation Annual Report 2003
  • Atlantic Lottery Corporation (ALC)
    The Atlantic Lottery Corporation (ALC) was incorporated in 1976 to conduct and manage lotteries in Atlantic Canada. The four shareholders in ALC are the Lotteries Commission of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia Gaming Corporation, Prince Edward Island Lotteries Commission, and the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Western Canada Lottery Corporation (WCLC)
    WCLC is a non-profit organization authorized to manage, conduct and operate lottery and gaming-related activities as agent for its Members, the governments of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories and Nunavut participate as associate members. It was originally formed in 1974 as the Western Canada Lottery Foundation.

National Gambling Studies

Binde, P. (2013). Gambling in Sweden: the cultural and socio-political

By: Binde, P. (2013). Addiction.

Gambling & Problem Gambling Prevalence Studies

  1. Google Spreadsheet

    Data in a spreadsheet format. 

  2. PDF

    Data in a PDF. 

  1. Google Spreadsheet

    Data in a spreadsheet format. 

  2. PDF

    Data in a PDF.

  1. Google Spreadsheet

    Data in a spreadsheet format. 

  2. PDF

    Data in a PDF format. 

This page is a starting point to locate international studies that examine the prevalence of problem gambling in the following countries:

Australia | Belgium | Brazil | Canada | Cyprus - Northern | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia |Finland | France | Germany | Great Britain | Hong Kong | Hungary | Iceland | Isle of Man | Italy |Lithuania | Macau | Netherlands | New Zealand | Northern Ireland | Norway | Singapore | South Africa| South Korea | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | United States

Additional Information: 

Meyer, G., Hayer, T., & Griffiths (Eds.). (2009). Problem gambling in Europe: Challenges, prevention and interventions. New York: Springer.

Shaffer, H. J. et al. (2004). The road less travelled: Moving from distribution to determinants in the study of gambling epidemiology. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 49(8), 504-516.

Stucki, S., & Rihs-Middel, M. (2007). Prevalence of adult problem and pathological gambling between 2000 and 2005: An update. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23(3), 245-257. doi:10.1007/s10899-006-9031-7

Williams, R. J., Volberg, R. A., & Stevens, R. M. G. (2012). The population prevalence of problem gambling: Methodological influences, standardized rates, jurisdictional differences, and worldwide trends. Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre and the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care.

 Calado, F., & Griffiths, M. (2016). Problem gambling worldwide: An update and systematic review of empirical research (2000-2015). Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 5(4), 592-613. doi:10.1556/2006.5.2016.073

  1. Google Spreadsheet

    Data in a spreadsheet format. 

  2. PDF

    Data as a PDF. 

Alberta Casinos and Racing Entertainment Centres

List of Canada Casinos and Racing Entertainment Centres 

  • Great Northern Casino - Grand Prairie 
  • Evergreen Park (Racino) - Grade Prairie 
  • Boomtown Casino - Fort MacMurray
  • Casino Dene - Cold Lake First Nation
  • Casino Yellowhead - Edmonton
  • Starlight Casino - Edmonton 
  • River Cree Resort and Casino - Enoch  
  • Casino Edmonton - Edmonton
  • Grand Villa Casino - Edmonton 
  • Century Casino and Hotel - Edmonton 
  • Northlands Park (Racino) - Edmonton 
  • Century Casino (Formerly Apex) - St. Albert
  • Jackpot Casino - Red Deer 
  • Cash Casino - Red Deer 
  • Camrose Resort Casino - Camrose 
  • Eagle River Casino and Travel Plaza - Whitecourt
  • Elbow River Casino - Calgary 
  • Deerfoot Inn & Casino - Calgary 
  • Casino Calgary - Calgary 
  • Cash Casino - Calgary 
  • Centry Casino - Calgary 
  • Cowboys Casino (Formerly Stampede) - Calgary 
  • Grey Eagle Casino - Tsuu T'ina First Nation
  • Century Downs Racetrack and Casino - Balzac 
  • Stoney Nakoda Casino | Stoney Nakoda First Nation (Kananaskis) 
  • Casino Lethbridge - Lethbridge 
  • Whoop-Up Downs (Racino) - Lethbridge 
  • Casino by Vanshaw - Medicine Hat

Canadian Gambling & Gaming Companies

Company filings are available from SEDAR (System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval). SEDAR is the electronic filing system for the disclosure documents of public companies and investment funds across Canada.

  • The Stars Group, Inc. (TSX-TSGI)
    The Stars Group (formerly Amaya Gaming Group Inc.) is the owner of gaming brands such as PokerStars, PokerStars Casino, BetStars, Full Tilt, and the PokerStars Live brands. Collectively, these and other brands of The Stars Group have millions of registered customers globally, forming one of the largest online gaming businesses in the world.
  • Gamehost Inc. (TSX-GH
    Operations of the Company include the Boomtown Casino in Ft. McMurray, the Great Northern Casino, Service Plus Inns & Suites hotel and a strip mall all located in Grande Prairie. The Company also holds a 91% ownership position in Deerfoot Inn & Casino Inc. in Calgary.

  • Great Canadian Gaming Corporation (TSX-GC
    Great Canadian Gaming Corporation is a multi-jurisdictional gaming, entertainment and hospitality operator with 21 gaming facilities, which include fifteen casinos, four horse racetrack casinos, three 1000+ seat show theatres that feature world class entertainment, a world class award winning resort that features two hotels, and over 45 food and beverage outlets.
  • Jackpot Digital Inc. (TSXV-JP)
    Jackpot Digital is a leading electronic table game manufacturer and mobile gaming provider for the cruise ship industry and regulated casino industry.
  • Onex Corporation (TSX-ONEX)
    Onex Corporation owns Pure Canadian Gaming (formerly Casino ABS) through its ONCAP private equity funds. Pure Canadian Gaming operates casinos in Edmonton (2), Calgary and Lethbridge operating, in aggregate, in excess of 2,900 slot machines, 97 table games, 27 poker tables and 50 video lottery terminals along with associated food and beverage and entertainment offerings. [].
  • Pollard Banknote Limited (TSX-PBL)
    Pollard Banknote is one of the leading providers of products and services to the lottery and charitable gaming industries throughout the world.
  • Arrow Games/Bazaar & Novelty
    Arrow Games/Bazaar & Novelty is a member of the Arrow International Inc. group of companies. Arrow Games/Bazaar & Novelty is Canada’s largest full-line supplier of bingo paper, pull tabs and related gaming products.
  • Century Casinos, Inc. (NASDAQ-CNTY)
    Century Casinos, Inc. is an international casino entertainment company. As of September 30, 2013, the Company owned casino operations in North America , managed cruise ship-based casinos on international waters, and had a management contract to manage the casino in the Radisson Aruba Resort, Casino & Spa.
  • Gateway Casinos & Entertainment Limited [Private] 
    Gateway Casinos & Entertainment Limited is one of the largest and most diversified gaming companies in Canada. Operating in British Columbia, Edmonton and Ontario, Gateway has over 6,000 employees and operates 25 gaming properties with more than 280 tables, over 9,600 slots, 68 restaurants and bars and 272 hotel rooms.
  • Paragon Gaming [Private]
    Paragon Gaming Corporation, a privately held company, is one of North America’s leading destination resort developer, owner and operator. The Company’s principals are responsible for the successful development and operation of numerous landmark projects throughout North America, with special emphasis on gaming-based destinations.
  • Stagewest Hospitality [Private]
    Stagewest Hospitality is an owner and operator of several hotels, theatre restaurants and casinos in Alberta.

Statistical Sources

  • Gambling Research Exchange Ontario Datasets
     Gambling Research Exchange Ontario [GREO] creates and translates knowledge to support evidence informed decision-making about gambling and potential harm of gambling. In line with this mandate, Datasets curated on this Dataverse Archive relate to gambling and gambling related problems.
  • Manitoba Longitudinal Study of Young Adults (MLSYA) [Manitoba Gaming Control Commission (MGCC), Addictions Foundation of Manitoba & Manitoba Lotteries]
    Data Access Program -- In 2006, the Manitoba Gaming Control Commission (MGCC), Addictions Foundation of Manitoba and Manitoba Lotteries partnered to fund the Manitoba Longitudinal Study of Young Adults (MLSYA). The MLSYA followed a longitudinal sample of 679 Manitobans between the ages of 18 and 20 over a five year period from 2007 to 2011 to develop a stronger understanding of the protective factors that promote responsible gambling and the risk factors that increase the likelihood of experiencing gambling-related harm. Although the MLSYA was designed as a gambling study, the dataset contains a wealth of instruments that could be used to examine many issues affecting young adults in Manitoba. The partners are pleased to be making this valuable longitudinal dataset available to external researchers.The MGCC’s Research Department coordinated the MLSYA on behalf of the project partners and will begin accepting applications for the MLSYA Data Access Program on April 1, 2013. Researchers may apply to use the dataset for their own research studies, which do not necessarily need to be related to gambling. Please click on the link below for the complete program guidelines and application form.
  • The Transparency Project [Division on Addiction, The Cambridge Health Alliance, a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School]
    Description -- This is the first ever public data repository for privately-funded datasets, such as industry-funded data, specifically related to addictive behavior (e.g., alcohol and other drugs, intemperate gambling, excessive shopping, etc.). The Division on Addiction created this repository to promote transparency for privately-funded science and better access to scientific information. All Transparency Project datasets have been de-identified according to HIPAA regulations.  Transparency Project datasets must be IRB approved for posting in the Transparency Project database repository.The Transparency Project makes available datasets collected by multidisciplinary addiction researchers working throughout the world. The Division on Addiction encourages the external contribution of addiction-related research data for thisproject, and will continue to add its own datasets to the repository.
  • Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) [Statistics Canada] 
    The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) is a national health survey that asks Canadians about their health and well-being, the factors that affect their health and their use of health care services. [Problem Gambling was optional content for CCHS 3.1 (2005) and only NB chose it; for CCHS 2010, only NB and AB, Nunavut chose it as optional content.]
  • Labour Force Survey [Statistics Canada]
    The Labour Force Survey provides estimates of employment and unemployment which are among the timeliest and most important measures of performance of the Canadian economy.
  • Survey of Household Spending [Statistics Canada]
    The Survey of Household Spending is a national survey that gathers information about the spending habits of households in Canada. Note: Researchers from Canadian academic institutions who are members of the Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) will have access to additional information from the DLI Survey Collection.
  • British Gambling Prevalence Survey - 1999, 2007, 2010 [UK Data Service]
    Large-scale nationally representative survey of participation in gambling and the prevalence of problem gambling in Great Britain. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

More Information About Research Data & Data Collection:

  • Data -- Canadian Research Data Centre Network

    The Research Data Centres (RDCs) offer Canada's research community secure access to detailed microdata from population and household surveys, censuses and administrative files in universities across the country. Staffed by Statistics Canada analysts, RDCs operate in accordance with the confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act and are accessible only to researchers with approved projects and security clearance

Alberta Gaming & Liquor Commission Data Requests from Alberta Gambling Research Institute Researchers:

  • Procedure for requesting information for research purposes from AGLC -- Due to their nature, some research investigations depend on access to information or data held by the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC). A single point of entry has been established and a process to expedite their response and ensure that the proper authorizations are obtained.  More information about accessing this type of data can be obtained by contacting Matt Becigneul at (780) 447-8952.